In one of his first public speaking appearances since joining Facebook to lead its AI initiatives, VP Jérôme Pesenti expressed his concern about the growing use of compute power necessary to create powerful AI systems.

“I can tell you this is keeping me up at night,” Pesenti said. “The peak compute for companies like Facebook and Google can afford for an experiment, we are reaching that already.”

More software innovation will be required for artificial intelligence to grow without being hindered, he said, and optimization of hardware and software rather than brute force compute may be critical to AI in years ahead.

Examples of systems less reliant on compute for innovative breakthroughs include Pluribus, an AI system developed by Facebook AI Research and Carnegie Mellon University, introduced today, that can take on world-class poker players. In an article in…

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